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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) ::
2018, 12(4): 1-12 Back to browse issues page
Association of Dietary Fatty Acids Intakes From Various Food Groups With Metabolic Syndrome In Tehrani Adults
P Salehi , M Hasani , M Fallah , F Hosseini , P Mirmiran
faculty of nutrition sciences and food technology
Abstract:   (1576 Views)

Background and Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids from food groups and risk of metabolic syndrome in Tehrani adults.
Materials and Methods: This study is a population-based cross-sectional study on 6412 adults (≥ 19 years) and performed in the framework of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Nutritional information was collected using a food frequency questionnaire. Fasting blood glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL levels were measured. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.
Results: The results showed that men and women in the top quartile SFA intake were significantly associated with metabolic syndrome (P<0.05). The inverse relationship between the intake of MUFA and PUFA (n-6) with metabolic syndrome was observed (P <0.05). Men who consumed PUFA (n-3) in the second quarter and the fourth was inversely associated with metabolic syndrome (P=0.03). While no significant association between quartiles of intake of PUFA (n-3) and metabolic syndrome was seen in women (P = 0.34). People in the third quarter were receiving SFA red meat, showed a significant correlation with metabolic syndrome (P <0.05). .A direct association between the third and fourth quartiles of saturated fatty acid intake from hydrogenated fats from the animal group was observed with metabolic syndrome
(P = 0.02).
Conclusion: Based on the present study, there may be an inverse relationship between saturated fatty acids of different groups of food with metabolic syndrome. The inverse association of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids of different groups of food with metabolic syndrome were also observed.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Food groups, Adult, Saturated fatty acid intake, Unsaturated fatty acid intake
Full-Text [PDF 226 kb]   (451 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2016/09/20 | Accepted: 2017/09/4 | Published: 2018/01/7
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Salehi P, Hasani M, Fallah M, Hosseini F, Mirmiran P. Association of Dietary Fatty Acids Intakes From Various Food Groups With Metabolic Syndrome In Tehrani Adults. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2018; 12 (4) :1-12
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2306-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
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