[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (Winter 2020) ::
2020, 14(4): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Four Week Consumption of Lemon (Citrus limon L.) Essential Oil with Swimming Training on Lipid Profile and Lipid Peroxidation in Adult Male Mice
F Norouzi , A Doulah * , M Rafieirad
2Cellular and Molecular Biology Department, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (672 Views)
Background and Objectives: Exercise is a good stimulating factor for decrease of blood lipid. Lemon (Citrus limon L.) essential oil with antioxidant properties can prevent oxidative stresses. The present study was carried out to assess effects of four-week consumption of lemon essential oil with swimming training on lipid profile and lipid peroxidation.
 Materials & Methods: Totally, 40 male mice (40 gr ±5) were divided randomly into four major groups (n = 10), including control, swimming, lemon essential oil and swimming with lemon essential oil groups. Swimming practice included four weeks of swimming in 25–27 ºC water for 30 min in each session, five sessions in a week. Lemon essential oil (50 mg/kg) was administered using gavage. Lipid peroxidation and lipid profile were assessed by blood sampling from the animal heart.
Results: Lemon essential oil significantly decreased triglycerides (p < 0.001), LDL-C (p < 0.01), VLDL-C (p < 0.01), cholesterol (p < 0.01) and MDA (p < 0.001). Swimming training significantly decreased triglycerides, LDL-C, VLDL-C and MDA; however, cholesterol and HDL-C did not change significantly. Lemon essential oil consumption with swimming training significantly decreased triglycerides (p < 0.001), LDL-C (p < 0.01), VLDL-C (p < 0.01) and MDA (p < 0.001) and increased HDL-C (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: In general, lime essential oil consumption with swimming training include decreasing effects on lipid peroxidation and lipid profile.
Keywords: Lemon, Swimming practice, Lipid profile, Lipid peroxidation, Mice
Full-Text [PDF 799 kb]   (462 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2019/01/20 | Accepted: 2019/04/24 | Published: 2020/01/11
References
1. Leite HR, Mourao FA, Drumond LE, Ferreira-Vieira TH, Bernardes D, Silva JF, et al. Swim training attenuates oxidative damage and promotes neuroprotection in cerebral cortical slices submitted to oxygen glucose deprivation. J Neurochem.2012;123 (2): 317-24. [DOI:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2012.07898.x]
2. Radak Z, Toldy A, Szabo Z, Siamilis S, Nyakas C, Silye G, et al. The effects of training and detraining on memory, neurotrophins and oxidative stress markers in rat brain. Neurochem Int.2006;49 (4): 387-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.neuint.2006.02.004]
3. Scopel D, Fochesatto C, Cimarosti H, Rabbo M, Bello-Klein A, Salbego C, et al. Exercise intensity influences cell injury in rat hippocampal slices exposed to oxygen and glucose deprivation. Brain Res Bull. Brain Res Bull. 2006 Dec 11;71(1-3):155-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2006.08.011]
4. Battistelli M, Malatesta M, Meschini S. Oxidative Stress to Promote Cell Death or Survival. Oxid Med Cell Longev. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2016;2016:2054650. [DOI:10.1155/2016/2054650]
5. Finaud J, Lac G, Filaire E. Oxidative stress : relationship with exercise and training. Sports Med. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;98(1):233-45.
6. Michailidis Y, Karagounis LG, Terzis G, Jamurtas AZ, Spengos K, Tsoukas D, et al. Thiol-based antioxidant supplementation alters human skeletal muscle signaling and attenuates its inflammatory response and recovery after intense eccentric exercise. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(1):233-45. [DOI:10.3945/ajcn.112.049163]
7. Konig D, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I, Berg A. Exercise and oxidative stress: significance of antioxidants with reference to inflammatory, muscular, and systemic stress. Exerc Immunol Rev. Exerc Immunol Rev. 2001;7:108-33.
8. Draganidis D, Chatzinikolaou A, Jamurtas AZ, Carlos Barbero J, Tsoukas D, Theodorou AS, et al. The time-frame of acute resistance exercise effects on football skill performance: the impact of exercise intensity. J Sports Sci. J Sports Sci. 2013;31(7):714-22. [DOI:10.1080/02640414.2012.746725]
9. Fisher-Wellman K, Bloomer RJ. Acute exercise and oxidative stress: a 30 year history. Dyn Med. 2009 Jan 13;8:1. [DOI:10.1186/1476-5918-8-1]
10. Michalczyk M, Kłapcińska B, Sadowska-Krępa E, Jagsz S, Pilis W, Szołtysek-Bołdys I, et al. Evaluation of the Blood Antioxidant Capacity in Two Selected Phases of the Training Cycle in Professional Soccer Players. 2008;19 (1):93. [DOI:10.2478/v10078-008-0007-9]
11. Vinson JA, Proch J, Bose P. Determination of quantity and quality of polyphenol antioxidants in foods and beverages. Methods Enzymol. Methods Enzymol. 2001;335:103-14. [DOI:10.1016/S0076-6879(01)35235-7]
12. Schroder H. Protective mechanisms of the Mediterranean diet in obesity and type 2 diabetes. J Nutr Biochem. 2007 Mar;18(3):149-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2006.05.006]
13. Manners GD. Citrus limonoids: analysis, bioactivity, and biomedical prospects. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55(21):8285-94. [DOI:10.1021/jf071797h]
14. Chung MJ, Cho SY, Bhuiyan MJ, Kim KH, Lee SJ. Anti-diabetic effects of lemon balm ( Melissa officinalis) essential oil on glucose- and lipid-regulating enzymes in type 2 diabetic mice. Br J Nutr. 2010;104(2):180-8. [DOI:10.1017/S0007114510001765]
15. Ridker PM1, Rifai N, Clearfield M, Downs JR, Weis SE, Miles JS, Gotto AM Jr; Air Force/Texas Coronary Atherosclerosis Prevention Study Investigators. Measurement of C-reactive protein for the targeting of statin therapy in the primary prevention of acute coronary events. N Engl J Med. 2001Jun28;344 (26): 1959-65. [DOI:10.1056/NEJM200106283442601]
16. Micozzi MS, Albanes D, Jones DY, Chumlea WC. Correlations of body mass indices with weight, stature, and body composition in men and women in NHANES I and II. Am J Clin Nutr. 1986;44(6):725-31. [DOI:10.1093/ajcn/44.6.725]
17. Kraus WE, Houmard JA, Duscha BD, Knetzger KJ, Wharton MB, McCartney JS, et al. Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med. 2002;347 (19): 1483-92. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa020194]
18. Hardman, AE. Physical activity, obesity and blood lipids, Int.J.Obesity.1999;23: 64. [DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0800886]
19. Ridker PM, Rifai N, Rose L, Buring JE, Cook NR. Comparison of C-reactive protein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the prediction of first cardiovascular events.N Engl J Med. 2002;347(20): 1557-65. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa021993]
20. Ring-Dimitriou S, von Duvillard SP, Paulweber B, Stadlmann M, Lemura LM, Peak K, et al. Nine months aerobic fitness induced changes on blood lipids and lipoproteins in untrained subjects versus controls. Eur J Appl Physiol.2007;99(3): 291-9. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-006-0347-x]
21. Elmahgoub SM, Lambers S, Stegen S, Van Laethem C, Cambier D, Calders P. The influence of combined exercise training on indices of obesity, physical fitness and lipid profile in overweight and obese adolescents with mental retardation. Eur J Pediatr.2009;168(11): 1327-33. [DOI:10.1007/s00431-009-0930-3]
22. Mojtahedin A. Investigation of Peripheral Effects of Citrus Limon Essential Oil on Somatic Pain in Male Wistar Rats: Role of Histaminergic System. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2016; 6 (3) :399-408.
23. Valizadeh Z, Rafieirad M. Effects of Hydro-Alcoholic Leaf Extract of Kardeh (Biarum Bovei Blume) on the Blood Glucose and Lipid Peroxidation in Cerebral Tissues and Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity.2016;8(1):16-23.
24. Zar A, Hoseini A, Ahmadi F, Rezaei M. Effects of Ginger together with Swimming Training on Blood Fat Profiles in Adult Diabetic Rats with Streptozotocin. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology.2016;11 (2):65-74. [in Persian].
25. Rafiei Rad M. Sarkaki A. Hoseini E. Farbood Y. The Effect of Grape Seed Extract on Lipid Peroxidation Duo to Ischemia/Hypoperfusion in Male Rat Striatum Journal of Animal Biology.2011; 3(4), 37-44.
26. Taghizadeh, M. Memarzadeh, MR. Abedi, F. Sharifi, N. Karamali, F. Fakhrieh Kashan, Z. Asemi, Z. The Effect of Cumin cyminum L. Plus Lime Administration on Weight Loss and Metabolic Status in Overweight Subjects: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal,2016; 18(8): e34212. [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.34212]
27. Yaghmaei P, Parivar K, Seven M, Zarebian F, Shahsavari S. The effect of lemon sour oil on blood lipids and differential count of blood leukocytes in adult male Wistar rats. Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences.2010; 14 (1); 55 - 64.
28. Colker CM, Kaiman DS, Torina GC, Perlis T, Street C. Effects of Citrus aurantium extract, caffeine, and St. John's Wort on body fat loss, lipid levels, and mood states in overweight healthy adults. Current Therapeutic Research.1999;60(3): 145-53. [DOI:10.1016/S0011-393X(00)88523-9]
29. Vakili J, Dabbagh Nikookheslat S, Khanvari T. The Effect of 8 Weeks Lemon-Garlic Supplementation on the Body Composition and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Overweight Men. Journal Of Neyshabur University Of Medical Sciences. 2016;4(3):28-37. [in Persian].
30. khanvari T, Vakili J, dabbaghe nikookheslat S. Effects of 8 week aerobic training with Allium sativum and citrus limonum Supplementation on loss weight, body fat percent and muscles mass in over weight men.2016;1:1-6. [in Persian].
31. Ouerghi N, Fradj MKB, Bezrati I, Khammassi M, Feki M, Kaabachi N, et al. Effects of high-intensity interval training on body composition, aerobic and anaerobic performance and plasma lipids in overweight/obese and normal-weight young men. Biol Sport. 2017 Dec;34(4):385-392. [DOI:10.5114/biolsport.2017.69827]
32. Maltzman TH, Christou M, Gould MN, Jefcoate CR. Effects of monoterpenoids on in vivo DMBA-DNA adduct formation and on phase I hepatic metabolizing enzymes. Carcinogenesis. 1991 Nov;12(11):2081-7. [DOI:10.1093/carcin/12.11.2081]
33. Bryer SC, Goldfarb AH. Effect of high dose vitamin C supplementation on muscle soreness, damage, function, and oxidative stress to eccentric exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006 Jun;16(3):270-80. [DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.16.3.270]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Norouzi F, Doulah A, Rafieirad M. Effects of Four Week Consumption of Lemon (Citrus limon L.) Essential Oil with Swimming Training on Lipid Profile and Lipid Peroxidation in Adult Male Mice. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2020; 14 (4) :1-8
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2767-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 4 (Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4075