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:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2009) ::
2009, 4(3): 35-46 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of stunting-cum-overweight and its association with socio-demographic characteristics of parents in school-age children in Khoy City, Iran
KH Rezazadeh, AR Dorosty Motlagh *, N Omidvar, B Rashidkhani
Abstract:   (13319 Views)
Background and objectives: Nutrition transition in developing countries leads to coexistence of stunting and overweight. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of stunting-cum-overweight and its association with socio-demographic characteristics of parents in the Iranian Khoy City school children. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 4400 students, 6-12 years old, in Khoy City, Iran were recruited by the stratified random sampling method. In the second phase, based on CDC2000 standards, 54 students suffering simultaneously from overweight (body mass index≥85 percentile) and stunting (height percentiles ≤15) were chosen as the case group and 115 non-overweight and non-stunted students as controls. The case and control students were matched with regard to age, sex and school. Socio-demographic status of the families was determined by interviewing the students' mothers. Results: The prevalence of overweight, stunting and overweight-cum-stunting was 15.4%, 19.5% and 1.2%, respectively. The case and control group students were similar with regard to parents' age, height, educational level, occupation, familial diabetes history, and father's BMI. The logistic regression model, after adjusting other variables, suggests that familial stunting history compared with non-familial stunting history (OR=2.2 P<0.05), mother's BMI ≥30 compared with BMI<30 (OR=2.8 P<0.01), and owning a house compared with having a rented house (OR=2.3 P<0.05), had positive associations with stunting-cum-overweight status. Conclusion: All together, stunting in school-age children in Khoy City is more prevalent than overweight and is associated with genetic, environmental and economical factors. Further, prospective investigations are required to confirm such associations and find causal relationships.
Keywords: Stunting, Overweight, School children, Socio-demographic characteristics
Full-Text [PDF 407 kb]   (2468 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Food Science
Received: 2009/12/15
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Rezazadeh K, Dorosty Motlagh A, Omidvar N, Rashidkhani B. Prevalence of stunting-cum-overweight and its association with socio-demographic characteristics of parents in school-age children in Khoy City, Iran. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2009; 4 (3) :35-46
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-228-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2009) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
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