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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (9-2010) ::
2010, 5(3): 47-56 Back to browse issues page
Effect of sodium chloride on the kinetics of growth and antimicrobial potential of Lactobacilli isolated from Iranian traditional sourdough
S Alizadeh, H Jamalifar, N Samadi, A Eaidi, MR Fazeli *
Abstract:   (16446 Views)
Background and Objectives: Sourdough starter contains lactic acid bacteria which can improve quality and taste of bread. The lactic acid bacteria in sourdough have antifungal and antibacterial activities. As some lactobacilus-fermented traditional foods contain salt as a preservative, this study was initiated to investigate the effect of different concentrations of sodium chloride on the kinetics of growth and antimicrobial potential of autochthonous isolates of lactobacilli isolated from Iranian traditional sourdough. Materials and Methods: MRS broth media containing sodium chloride concentrations up to 7% were inoculated with two sourdough isolates of lactobacilli, namely, Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus fermentum. The kinetics of growth of individual lactic acid bacteria at different concentrations of sodium chloride was investigated using the conventional plate-count method. Also the antibacterial effects of supernatants of the lacto bacterial strains grown in media with different salt concentrations on several pathogenic bacteria were assessed. The pathogenic strains included methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Kelebciella pneumonia, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Results: The highest growth of both lactobacilli isolates was 109 cfu/ml, which occurred at a salt concentration of 2-4% at a concentrtation of 5% salt the total bacterial counts dropped to 7.5x108. There were further decreases in the lactic acid bacterial counts at a 7% salt concentration to 3.7x106 and 2.5x105 for L. casei and L. fermentum, respectively. Conclusion: Both lactobacilli isolates tolerated salt concentrations up to 5%, but L. casei was found to be more salt-tolerant than L. fermentum. Salt concentrations did not affect the antimicrobial effects of supernatants of individual lactobacilli isolates. However, low bacterial biomass achieved at high salt concentrations negatively affected antipathogenic effect of these isolates, presumably due to less metabolite production. Keywords: Bacterial growth, Antibacterial effect, Salt, Sourdough, Lactobacillus
Keywords: Bacterial growth, Antibacterial effect, Salt, Sourdough, Lactobacillus
Full-Text [PDF 425 kb]   (2290 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Food Science
Received: 2010/09/12
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Alizadeh S, Jamalifar H, Samadi N, Eaidi A, Fazeli M. Effect of sodium chloride on the kinetics of growth and antimicrobial potential of Lactobacilli isolated from Iranian traditional sourdough. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2010; 5 (3) :47-56
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-365-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 3 (9-2010) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
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