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:: Volume 12, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017) ::
2017, 12(3): 19-28 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Moderate Frailty Syndrome in Elderly
R Aghmashe , A Alavi-Naeini *, Kh Mirzaei , M Yekaninejad
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (235 Views)

Background and Objectives: There is evidence of the role of certain nutrients as risk factors for frailty. We  have -examined the association between dietary patterns and frailty in a sample of the Qazvin elderly population.
 Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in 250 randomly elderly people, retired from governmental organizations, aged 60-75 years. Moderate frailty was defined as meeting 2-3 of the following 5 item criteria: 1) slow walking, 2) muscular weakness, 3) exhaustion, 4) low physical activity and 5) unintentional weight loss.  Informed consent forms were completed by the participants personally, and also two questionnaires; including; general questionnaire and;  food frequency questionnaire (FFQ); were completed for each participants by a trained dietitian. Weights and heights were measured. logistic regression was performed  to measure the effect of adherence to each dietary pattern on the odds of frailty syndrome.
Results: Using factor analysis, two main dietary patterns were used most often by the study population: healthy pattern and unhealthy pattern account for about 22.3% of  the  total variation in the food diversity population. We compared the chance of frailty in different quartiles of the pattern. The risk for the syndrome in the highest quartile of healthy dietary pattern was significantly less than the lowest quartile of healthy dietary pattern in both the raw model and after adjusting for confounding variables. The risk of metabolic syndrome in the highest quartile of healthy dietary pattern was 80% lower than the first quarter of healthy dietary pattern. No significant difference in the quartile of the unhealthy pattern was found.
Conclusion:This study shows that using healthy dietary patterns; reduce the chance of frailty syndrome.

Keywords: Frailty syndrome, Dietary patterns, Frail elderly
Full-Text [PDF 203 kb]   (107 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2016/11/3 | Accepted: 2017/04/10 | Published: 2017/10/16
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Aghmashe R, Alavi-Naeini A, Mirzaei K, Yekaninejad M. Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Moderate Frailty Syndrome in Elderly. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2017; 12 (3) :19-28
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2330-en.html
Volume 12, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
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