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:: Volume 15, Issue 4 (Winter 2021) ::
Iranian J Nutr Sci Food Technol 2021, 15(4): 41-50 Back to browse issues page
Determining the Relationship Between the Transtheoretical Model Constructs and Dietary Fat intake in Obese or Overweight Middle-aged Women
M Gordali Mrs , M Bazhan *
Abstract:   (583 Views)
Background and Objectives: Transtheoretical model is one of the most widely used models of behavior changes that helps identify health behaviors. Dietary fat intake is an important behavior in a human health. The objective of this study was to determining the relationship between the transtheoretical model constructs and dietary fat intake in obese or overweight middle-aged women living in Shazand City, Markazi Province, Iran.
 Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, 114 middle-aged women with obesity or overweight randomly participated. Collected data included three 1-day dietary recalls, validated questionnaire of transtheoretical model  constructs and international physical activity questionnaires. Statistical analysis of data was carried out using SPSS Software v.20. One-way ANOVA was used for the analysis of quantitative variables with normal distribution and Kruskal-Wallis for non-parametric variables. Moreover, Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient was used to show existence and intensity of relationships between the variables.
Results: Overall, 13.2% of the participants were in the pre-contemplation, 18.4% in contemplation, 32.5% in preparation, 10.5% in action and 25.4% in maintenance stages. Intakes of total fat, cholesterol, saturated fatty acids, total energy intake and proportion of energy from fats decreased significantly with progress in the stage of change
(p < 0.01). Significant inverse correlations were seen between the intakes of total fat, cholesterol and saturated fatty acids with the stage of change (r > 0.4). Significant inverse correlations were also seen between the intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids and total energy with the self-efficacy score (r > 0.24). Furthermore, significant inverse correlations were reported between the intakes of total fat, cholesterol, poly-unsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids and total energy intake with the score of behavioral processes (r > 0.3).
Conclusion: Understanding of fat consumption behaviors and their affecting factors can help improve patterns of fat consumption and thus decrease prevalence of the associated diseases in society.
Keywords: Transtheoretical model, Fat intake, Self-efficacy, Decisional balance, Processes of change, Obesity
Full-Text [PDF 830 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
English: Research | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2020/08/9 | Accepted: 2020/10/19 | Published: 2020/12/20
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Gordali M, Bazhan M. Determining the Relationship Between the Transtheoretical Model Constructs and Dietary Fat intake in Obese or Overweight Middle-aged Women. Iranian J Nutr Sci Food Technol. 2021; 15 (4) :41-50
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-3104-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 4 (Winter 2021) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences & Food  Technology
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