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:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (Spring 2023) ::
Iranian J Nutr Sci Food Technol 2023, 18(1): 119-126 Back to browse issues page
Use of Temperature-controlled Ionic Liquid-assisted Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Method for the Detection of Amoxicillin, Cloxacillin and Erythromycin Residues in Cow Milk using High Performance Liquid Chromatography
MR Afshar Mogaddam , J Khandaghi , S Vajdi HokmAbad *
Assistant Professor of Department of Animal Science, Sarab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sarab, Iran
Abstract:   (518 Views)
Background and Objectives: Different types of antibiotics are used indiscriminately in animal husbandry for the growth and treatment of livestock, which cause accumulation of antibiotic residues in livestock products such as milk. Long-term consumption of milk contaminated with antibiotic residues above the permissible limits is harmful to human health, causing antibiotic resistance problems. Therefore, monitoring of antibiotic residues in milk and dairy products is particularly important.
Materials and Methods: In this study, temperature-controlled ionic liquid-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction  method was developed for the extraction of amoxicillin, cloxacillin and erythromycin residues from cow milk and their assessment were carried out using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a diode array detector. Furthermore, effects of various parameters on the extraction efficiency such as volume of precipitating agent and vortexing time, type and quantity of extracting solvent, effects of salt addition and temperature of aqueous solution were optimized.
Results: Analysis of milk samples showed presence of amoxicillin in eight milk samples, all of which included values greater the permissible limits. No other antibiotics were detected in the milk samples. The suggested method included high efficiencies in extracting the target antibiotic residues from milk samples. Therefore, repeatability of the method based on relative standard deviation proportion included 3–4.5. Under optimal conditions, extraction recoveries were in range of 78–87% and the limits of detection and quantification less than 1.1 and 3.7 ng/ml were reported, respectively.
Conclusion: The developed method is appropriate for the determination of selected analytics in cow milk and its detection limit is lower than the maximum residue limits for the residues of these antibiotics.
 
Keywords: Antibiotic, Milk, DLLME, Method development, HPLC
Full-Text [PDF 545 kb]   (173 Downloads)    
Article type: Research | Subject: Food Science
Received: 2022/12/29 | Accepted: 2023/02/7 | Published: 2023/04/15
References
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Afshar Mogaddam M, Khandaghi J, Vajdi HokmAbad S. Use of Temperature-controlled Ionic Liquid-assisted Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Method for the Detection of Amoxicillin, Cloxacillin and Erythromycin Residues in Cow Milk using High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Iranian J Nutr Sci Food Technol 2023; 18 (1) :119-126
URL: http://nsft.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-3607-en.html


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Volume 18, Issue 1 (Spring 2023) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of  Nutrition Sciences and Food  Technology
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